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Can Gout lead to Kidney Failure?

People often complain about the unbearable pain caused by gout. This causes stiffness, swelling and impaired movement. Gout can cause chronic kidney disease, and even more severe, kidney failure. Gout is caused by uric acid buildup in the joints and kidneys. Uric acid, a normal waste product, dissolves in blood and is excreted through urine. However, extra uric acids that are not excreted from the body crystallizes and causes symptoms like gout. Gout attacks can be prevented by keeping uric acid below 6.0 mg/dL.


Hyperuricemia is a condition where there is too much uric acid. Gout attacks are most commonly caused by seafood, red meat, organ meat, and sugar-sweetened foods that are popular during holidays, beer, and liquor. Gout can be more common in those with high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and high blood sugar. Gout can also be caused by kidney disease or kidney failure.

Other causes include severe illness, stress and hypothyroidism. How can you prevent gout attacks from happening? Gout attacks can be prevented or even eliminated by changing your lifestyle.

Obesity Factor

Obesity and high blood pressure are two major causes of high uric acid. Gout attacks will be less likely if you can eliminate these causes. This would include eating healthy foods such as fruits and vegetables, whole grains, and low-fat dairy products.

Sugar-sweetened drinks, such as soda and sugared juices or drinks with high fructose syrup, should be avoided. Beer and alcoholic beverages should also be restricted, as should meat, fish, and seafood, especially shrimp and lobster. Avoid crash diets that make it more difficult to dissolve uric acid.

To reduce the risk of kidney stones, it is recommended that you drink at least 64 ounces of fluid daily. You can track your weight, blood pressure and gout symptoms to monitor how you are doing. With the help of your doctor, you will be able identify the root causes of your problems by reviewing this record. Your doctor will also direct you to follow the treatment plan.


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