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What are Gout Symptoms? 9+ explanations about how it is!

Learn everything about gout symptoms in this article! Gout is a rheumatism which evolves by recurrent inflammatory attacks leading to deformations of the joints.

Gout refers to inflammation of the joints caused by deposits of uric Acid crystals. This substance comes from the breakdown of food, particularly food of animal origin.[1] The kidneys usually eliminate excess uric acid from the blood. However, if too much uric acids is in the blood it can build up in joints and cause inflammation. This is called the gout attack. This is a more common condition in men. It is rare in women and occurs only after menopause.

The gout attack appears very suddenly and is very painful. The affected joint is swollen and red. In the long run, without appropriate treatment, the persistence of a high level of uric acid in the blood leads to the formation of painless lumps, called tophus, in the joints and under the skin.

What does a Gout Attack look like?

Gout sufferers are often awakened by sudden pains in their big toes in the middle of the nights. Nighttime pain could be caused by fluid buildup in the joints during the day. This fluid leaves the joint faster than the uric acids when the person lies down. This increases the concentration of the acid and makes it more susceptible to crystal formation.[2]

It is usually unbearable and gets worse with mobilization and palpation. The pain is intense, and the joint becomes red, hot, and swollen. The pain usually subsides within a few days. Itchy and flaky toes. It is possible that the attack will be repeated months or even years later.[3] You may also experience pain in your finger, elbow or knee.

Sometimes, other symptoms of crisis include:

  • Fever
  • Increased heart rate (tachycardia)
  • Feeling general unwell
  • Chills (not so often)

Gout attacks, which last several days, recur every few weeks to several years. They tend to increase in frequency and duration as the disease progresses, as do the number of areas affected. After a few years, small, painless nodules (tophi) may appear under the skin. In some cases, gout can also manifest itself as kidney stones.

And then, what happens with Gout Symptoms?

The first attack usually involves one joint, and can last for a few days or a week.

Gout symptoms and pain will gradually disappear. The symptoms disappear and the joint functions normally again. Untreated attacks can become more severe and more frequent, as well as affecting multiple joints. An attack that isn’t treated can lead to subsequent attacks lasting up to three weeks.[4] A fever above 38.5°C, along with symptoms such as chills, weakness, vomiting and rash, should be reported to a doctor. This is especially important if the person has never experienced an attack or had previous attacks.

Chronic gout is a condition in which the blood levels of uric acids remain high. Gout can become chronic after repeated attacks. It can also lead to joint deformation. The damage to the joints and tendons from uric acid crystals over time will reduce joint movement.[5]

Stop Gout before it strikes again

Gout often appears as a familial and hereditary disease, limiting the elimination of uric acid by the kidney.

The excess uric acid that causes gout can have several causes, including:

  • a diet too rich in animal proteins,
  • too much beer (even without alcohol), strong alcohol, or sweetened sodas,
  • certain medicines.

Making lifestyle changes can help you prevent further gout attacks and slow the progression of the disease.

It is recommended:

  • Eating one less portion of meat or seafood a day
  • Drinking wine instead of beer or avoiding alcohol altogether
  • Drinking one glass of skimmed milk a day, as low-fat dairy products appear to lower uric acid levels and have a protective effect

Anti-inflammatory drugs and corticosteroids can treat the symptoms of gout attacks.[6] Your doctor may also prescribe newer medications that reduce the amount of uric acid in your blood.

Learn about the best diet for gout, all the possible treatments and the best natural remedies:

The management of gout disease requires a specific diet that limits foods rich in uric acid as well as those that stimulate the production of uric acid and, on the other hand, favours foods that accelerate the elimination of uric acid from the kidneys, water rich in hydrogencarbonates, foods rich in vitamin C, …

Home Remedies for Gout

gout causes gout causes

What are the first signs of having gout?

Warning signs of a gout attack are possible. They are characterized by a moderate pain of a joint with tingling, discomfort, and a limitation of mobility. The interest of the recognition of this phase by the patient is to allow him to start early the anti-inflammatory treatment of the gouty attack.

Gout attacks can also cease by themselves without treatment. Everything will return to normal with no after-effects... until next attack. Gout sufferers will experience a few attacks over the years. They will be more frequent than usual, and they will get closer together in the next two years. This is acute gout.

What is gout and how does it manifest itself?

Gout is a disease caused by the deposit of microscopic uric acid crystals in the joints, causing painful inflammation. Sometimes, these crystals form clumps that can be felt - tophi - or are deposited in the kidneys, causing nephritic colic or alterations in kidney function.

It is a disease that causes sudden periods of severe pain, tenderness, redness, high temperature and swelling (inflammation) in some joints. It usually affects one joint at a time, mainly the big toe joint. It can also affect other joints such as the knee, heel, foot, hand, wrist and elbow. It rarely affects the shoulders, hips and spine. If you have gout in one joint, it does not mean that it will spread to the other joints.

Occasionally, synovial bursae or tendons may become inflamed, leading to bursitis or tenosynovitis, respectively. If the disease is allowed to progress, attacks may not resolve completely, affecting several joints at once and severely limiting the patient's quality of life.

Sometimes, in advanced stages, palpable accumulations appear in the form of hard nodules, called tophi. Sometimes, uric acid crystals are deposited in the kidneys, leading to episodes of nephritic colic.

How can I tell if I have gout?

Gout attacks (especially the first ones) seem to come on suddenly and are accompanied by redness, pain and swelling in the affected joint, generally the big toe. However, in reality, the uric acid has been building up for some time. Attacks are often triggered by a sudden rise in uric acid levels, which can be caused by a high-protein meal, a heavy night’s drinking (especially if you’ve been drinking beer) or a period of dehydration.

Symptoms often appear at night and worsen over the next 8 to 12 hours. Although the first attack often occurs at the base of the big toe, gout can also attack the knee, heel, ankle or foot. The pain associated with gout is persistent and intense, and the swelling is not always limited to the initial affected joint.

Here the signs that will tell you if you have gout:

  • The attack occurs suddenly often at night, at rest, with the appearance of intense pain (burning, grinding sensation) in a joint. The pain is maximal in 6 to 12 hours;
  • Inflammatory disease affects only one joint (mono-arthritis), generally in the joint at the base of the big toe. More rarely, it occurs in the knee or ankle.
  • The local signs are important. The pain is very intense, like grinding or burning. The affected joint is red, swollen, hot, bulky and extremely painful at the slightest touch. The skin and subcutaneous tissues are often very red and edematous (swollen).
  • The pain is sharp and associated with local cutaneous hyperesthesia.
  • Fever and some chills may be associated.

On the skin, stigmata of the disease are visible; these are the gouty tophus which are whitish nodules under the skin.

How does gout start?

You can recognize a gout attack by looking for these signs:

  • The attack can occur suddenly, usually at night, and causes intense pain in the joint (burning, grinding sensation). The pain can last from 6 to 12 hours.
  • Inflammatory disease affects only one joint, it's most common in the legs and the area at the base the big toe. It is more common in the ankle or knee.
  • The affected joint may be red, swollen and warm. It can also become very painful if touched. Subcutaneous tissue and skin can become very reddened and oedematous.
  • It is possible to get fever, chills, increased heart rate (tachycardia) and feeling of general malaise

Where does a gout attack start?

The gout attack appears very suddenly and is very painful. The affected joint is swollen and red. Over time and without appropriate treatment, the persistence of a high level of uric acid in the blood leads to the formation of painless lumps, called tophus, in the joints and under the skin.

Only one joint in the lower limb. Sometimes several joints are affected at the same time, which is called gouty polyarthritis. Other joints may be affected : hands, wrists, elbows, exceptionally the spine.

Usually, the first attack of gout affects one joint in the lower limb. Later on, multiple joints can be affected, including the tendons (gouty tendinitis), or the periarticular burstingsa (gouty bursitis).

The most common area that is first affected is the big toe.

It’s red and hot. Pulsatile pain. It can last for a few days or weeks. The first attack is usually shorter and less intense than the subsequent ones.

Where does it hurt when you have gout?

Gout is a common and complex form of arthritis that can affect anyone. It is characterized by sudden, severe attacks of pain, swelling, redness and tenderness in one or more joints, often in the big toe.

An attack of gout can occur suddenly and can often cause you to wake up in the middle of the night with the feeling that your big toe is on fire. The affected joint is hot, swollen and so tender that even the weight of the sheet may seem intolerable.

Gout symptoms may come and go, but there are ways to control symptoms and prevent flare-ups.

Its location is generally the big toe but it can also concern the knee, the hand or the hip. It starts gradually, evolves progressively to become unbearable (the patient can no longer bear his sheets).

It always hurts on the local joint affected by gout.

An attack can last from one day to several weeks.

What pain with gout?

The pain usually occurs abruptly, often during the night:
  • In a very short time, the joint goes from normal to very severe inflammation.
  • Very intense pain: often described as unbearable.
  • Swelling and redness of the joint.
  • Local increase in temperature of the joint.
  • Great sensitivity to touch.
  • Fever may also be present, although its occurrence requires ruling out other processes, such as infection.
  • Sometimes generalized joint pain and general malaise
Joints in the extremities of the limbs are more sensitive than others, partly because they are colder. Cold can cause liquid uric acid to turn into uric acid crystals.

What are the 4 stages of gout?

The disease actually progresses in four stages, from the silent accumulation of uric acid in the blood to chronic arthritis.

Here's what happens in each stage and how to stop your gout progressing to the next level.

Stage 1: Asymptomatic gout

Gout occurs when a substance called uric acid builds up in the blood. Uric acid is formed naturally when our bodies break down purines, compounds found in our own tissues and in some foods. It should be noted that not everyone with high uric acid levels develops gout.

Normally, uric acid is dissolved in the blood, filtered by the kidneys and excreted in the urine. In people with gout, however, this process goes wrong. This can happen when you eat too many purine-rich foods, including liver, dried beans, mushrooms and peas. In other cases, your kidneys do not remove enough uric acid from the body.

In the early stages of gout, uric acid builds up in the blood, causing a condition known as hyperuricaemia. There are usually no symptoms and no treatment is needed, but the uric acid can still harm your body.

Stage 2: Acute gout

Eventually, the excess uric acid forms crystals that build up in the spaces of the joints. These needle-like crystals (monosodium urate or MSU) cause pain in the big toe. They can also affect other joints, including the ankles, feet, knees and wrist.

Acute flare-ups can occur suddenly, often at night, and last from a few days to several weeks. In addition to pain, other symptoms include redness, swelling and heat in the affected joint.

When you experience an attack, get treatment quickly to avoid permanent joint damage. Rest, avoid alcohol, reduce animal protein and use an ice pack to cool and soothe the painful joint.

Step 3: Interval or intercritical gout

Like the calm in the eye of a cyclone, gout can lie dormant between attacks. You will usually experience a pain-free period after an attack that can last for months or even years. However, uric acid can continue to build up in your bloodstream and joints, preparing for its next assault.

Try to eat well, drink plenty of water and take medication. Losing weight if you need to can also prevent future attacks.

Stage 4: Chronic tophaceous gout

This is the most debilitating form of gout. It usually takes a long time to develop - up to 10 years - and is more common in people with untreated gout.

If your gout is chronic, you may continually experience symptoms typical of other types of arthritis, including joint pain. In addition, you may develop nodules of uric acid in the soft tissue around your joints. These are known as tophus and are most common on the fingers, elbows and toes.

Uric acid can also damage your bones and build up in your kidneys, causing kidney stones and other damage.

How can I test myself for gout?

If you think you may have gout, it is important to be tested and diagnosed by a doctor so you can get the treatment you need. Learn about gout testing.

Tests for gout include:

  • Synovial fluid analysis

Synovial fluid is found in your joints. This test determines if there are urate crystals in the joint fluid, which could mean that you have gout. This is considered to be the most reliable test for diagnosing gout. Synovial fluid testing takes only a few minutes. You may first be injected with an anaesthetic (a medicine that numbs the area) with a small needle. When the area is numb, the doctor or nurse will insert a larger needle into the affected joint and take a sample of the fluid. If you have had an anaesthetic, you will feel little pain.

  • Uric acid blood test

A blood test can determine the uric acid concentration in your blood. If the uric acid concentration is high, it could mean that the person has gout.

Blood uric acid levels between 3.5 and 7.2 milligrams per decilitre (mg/dL) are considered normal for most people. In cases of gout, doctors recommend keeping the uric acid level below 6.0 mg/dL.

Blood uric acid tests alone should not be used in the diagnosis of gout. This is because there are people with high uric acid who never have gout and people with low uric acid who do have gout. To confirm whether a person has gout, doctors use the results of other tests along with the uric acid test.

  • Urine uric acid test

A urine test can determine the concentration of uric acid in the body. If the uric acid concentration is high, it could mean that the person has gout. The sample should contain the urine passed during 24 hours.

Urinary uric acid levels between 250 and 750 mg are considered normal for most people.

Like the blood uric acid test, the urine uric acid test alone will not be used to diagnose gout. To confirm whether a person has gout, doctors use the results of other tests along with the uric acid test.

  • X-ray of the joint

Your doctor may do an X-ray of your joint to check that your joint pain is not due to injury or something other than gout. In people with chronic gout, the doctor may recommend an X-ray of the joint to see if there is any joint damage caused by gout.

  • Ultrasound

The ultrasound machine creates images of the body's muscles and joints from sonic waves. The doctor may use ultrasound to look for uric acid crystals, called tophi, in the joints.

  • Dual-energy computed tomography (DECT)

DECT uses two types of x-rays to obtain images of the inside of the body. DECT is able to find urate crystals that are missed by other techniques. It is a useful test when other tests fail to confirm whether a person has gout.

What should you know about gout?

Gout can be an extremely painful condition that affects thousands of people every single year. In the event that you or someone you love is suffering from gout symptoms, finding the easiest way to treat the condition can be done.

Why to try natural remedies for gout?

Most people are aware that we now have prescription drugs available that may often be utilized for treating gout, but imagine if those drugs cause unnecessary unwanted effects, interact with other medications, or just aren't the right choice for you personally? We shall look at natural treatment plans which will help alleviate gout symptoms such as for example pain and swelling.

How to prevent the formation of gout crystals?

Coffee, for instance, has been shown to lessen the crystals in gout patients, Exactly the same goes for Vitamin C, that exist in lots of foods. Cherries also appear to reduce uric acid levels, Needless to say, certain food additives may also lessen gout symptoms.

How not to let gout control your daily life?

When you manage the situation and begin utilizing natural herbs and treatments to ease as well as eliminate your gout pain it is possible to go back again to living your daily life the way you desire to. Using herbal products like burdock. Using natural herbal treatments to heal and prevent inflammation in your skin layer and joints is a superb solution to stop gout pain.

How to stop gout for good?

The ultimate way to get true gout reduction is to stop the issue at the foundation and cure the symptoms whenever you can through home remedies. Using herbal treatments like burdock. All you have to is to either create your personal herbal paste or buy one that has correct proportions of the herbal remedies.

How to use burdock for gout treatment?

With burdock, since gout could cause surface skin rashes along with other irritations these herb pastes can help to decrease the surface skin discomfort while penetrating your skin to obtain deep down joint relief aswell.

The real secret is by using a potent paste that's also correctly made with the correct extracts and herbal remedies. There are a great number of herbal pastes out there that can help your gout relief but hardly any will work and also the stronger and properly prepared ones.

Can you prepare your own gout natural remedy?

Lots of people who prepare their very own paste make use of extracts and dried herbs alongside warm water to produce a paste. Allowing this paste sit for many days is best for improving its potency and effects. In the event that you plan to choose the paste pre-made with the correct proportions and quality potent herbal products be sure you check the substances to verify that it in fact contains real natural and organic burdock, scutellaria and turmeric herbal treatments. If it generally does not then don't buy it and instead check around until you find the appropriate paste to use for the gout pain reduction.

How to relief gout symptoms?

When the pain from gout is severe, an icepack can be a great help. It can also be extremely helpful to rest and elevate the affected joint. If the pain is so severe that a sheet or sock is not comfortable, you can use special devices and cages such as blanket bars or foot cradles to protect the area.

These devices can make the difference between sleeping upright or not, and a restful night's sleep for many patients.

Can you use herbs for gout treatment?

Many patients find relief quickly by using herbs like ginger and turmeric to reduce inflammation and pain. If the patient is able, meditation can be a very useful tool.

Research has shown that meditation can reduce stress and stress-related hormones. This can help to decrease pain sensations and increase pain tolerance. A physician is the best option if you are suffering from severe gout symptoms.

What should you know about gout attacks?

Gout attacks can be severe and there are many ways to reduce the pain. Gout treatment can take many forms. While there are many things you can do to reduce your gout symptoms over the long-term, it is important to find immediate relief.



Symptoms of Diseases

Symptoms of Diseases

Xlibris Corporation. 2014

A Treatise on Gout

A Treatise on Gout

Gout: Diagnosis and Management of Gouty Arthritis and Hyperuricemia

Gout: Diagnosis and Management of Gouty Arthritis and Hyperuricemia

Professional Communications. 2022

Gout: Diagnosis and Management of Gouty Arthritis and Hyperuricemia; provides an overview of gout and its etiology, along with specific information about clinical features and diagnosis of gout. Management of acute gouty arthritis is covered in detail, as well as dietary and nonpharmacologic treatment approaches. Pharmacologic uric acid-lowering therapy is detailed, and therapeutic algorithms are provided to assist in formulating a disease management plan. Updated 2nd edition reflects the...

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  • Bianca
    Posted 1. November 2022 at 12:33

    I have suffered very intense pain and swelling in my knee in the past months and I could not understand what was wrong with me, by chance I came to this page and I realized that I have all the symptoms of gout in my knee. Thanks to this info I can understand what is happening to me and I know that I must take immediate action to prevent this from becoming something chronic.

  • Regina
    Posted 24. April 2023 at 23:53

    Now I understand how gout works! The information in this article makes it very clear. I was a little cofused about gout causes and treatments, now no more! thanks!

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