Learn all about gout symptoms in this article!
Gout refers to inflammation of the joints caused by deposits of uric Acid crystals. This substance comes from the breakdown of food, particularly food of animal origin. The kidneys usually eliminate uric acid. The kidneys usually eliminate excess uric acid from the blood. However, if too much uric acids is in the blood it can build up in joints and cause inflammation. This is called the gout attack. This is a more common condition in men. It is rare in women and occurs only after menopause.
Gout sufferers are often awakened by sudden pains in their big toes in the middle of the nights. Nighttime pain could be caused by fluid buildup in the joints during the day. This fluid leaves the joint faster than the uric acids when the person lies down. This increases the concentration of the acid and makes it more susceptible to crystal formation.
It is usually unbearable and gets worse with mobilization and palpation. The pain is intense, and the joint becomes red, hot, and swollen. The pain usually subsides within a few days. Itchy and flaky toes. It is possible that the attack will be repeated months or even years later. You may also experience pain in your finger, elbow or knee.
Sometimes, other symptoms of crisis include:
- Increased heart rate (tachycardia)
- Feeling general unwell
- Chills (not su often)
The first attack usually involves one joint, and can last for a few days or a week.
The symptoms will gradually disappear. The symptoms disappear and the joint functions normally again. Untreated attacks can become more severe and more frequent, as well as affecting multiple joints. An attack that isn’t treated can lead to subsequent attacks lasting up to three weeks. A fever above 38.3degC, along with symptoms such as chills, weakness, vomiting and rash, should be reported to a doctor. This is especially important if the person has never experienced an attack or had previous attacks.
Chronic gout is a condition in which the blood levels of uric acids remain high.
Gout can become chronic after repeated attacks. It can also lead to joint deformation.
The damage to the joints and tendons from uric acid crystals over time will reduce joint movement.
Home Remedies for Gout
What are the first signs of having gout?
Warning signs of a gout attack are possible. They are characterized by a moderate pain of a joint with tingling, discomfort, and a limitation of mobility. The interest of the recognition of this phase by the patient is to allow him to start early the anti-inflammatory treatment of the gouty attack.Gout attacks can also cease by themselves without treatment. Everything will return to normal with no after-effects... until next attack. Gout sufferers will experience a few attacks over the years. They will be more frequent than usual, and they will get closer together in the next two years. This is acute gout.Read more: What are the first signs of having gout?
How can I tell if I have gout?
Gout attacks (especially the first ones) seem to come on suddenly and are accompanied by redness, pain and swelling in the affected joint, generally the big toe. However, in reality, the uric acid has been building up for some time. Attacks are often triggered by a sudden rise in uric acid levels, which can be caused by a high-protein meal, a heavy night's drinking (especially if you've been drinking beer) or a period of dehydration.
Symptoms often appear at night and worsen over the next 8 to 12 hours. Although the first attack often occurs at the base of the big toe, gout can also attack the knee, heel, ankle or foot. The pain associated with gout is persistent and intense, and the swelling is not always limited to the initial affected joint.Read more: How can I tell if I have gout?
Where does gout start?
Usually, one joint is affected, especially in the initial attacks. Later on, multiple joints can be affected, including the tendons (gouty tendinitis), or the periarticular burstingsa (gouty bursitis).The most common area that is first affected is the big toe. It's red and hot. Pulsatile pain. It can last for a few days or weeks. The first attack is usually shorter and less intense than the subsequent ones.Read more: Where does gout start?
Where does it hurt when you have gout?
Its location is generally the big toe but it can also concern the knee, the hand or the hip. It starts gradually, evolves progressively to become unbearable (the patient can no longer bear his sheets).
An attack can last from one day to several weeks.Read more: Where does it hurt when you have gout?