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How To Relieve Arthritis Knee Pain?

Arthritis refers to a condition that causes joint inflammation and pain. The knee joint is a major weight bearing part of the body and is therefore more susceptible to wear and tear. Understanding the structure and function of the knee joint is essential to understanding arthritis knee pain management. The knee joint is a hinge joint. It allows flexion to a maximum of 135° but no extension. The knee joint allows for free movement of the legs and can also support the entire body weight.

Knee Joint

The knee joint is where the large shinbone (or tibia) and the femur (or thigh bone) meet. The medial, outer, and lateral compartments of the joint are separated. The patellofemoral joint is composed of the patella or knee cap joining the femur. The capsule protects the knee joint and collateral ligaments are present on the outside and inside of the joint. Also, ligaments that cross within the joint are known as cruciate ligaments. These ligaments help to hold the bones in their place and provide stability and strength to the joint.

The cartilage meniscus is located at the junction of the femur, tibia and femur. Meniscus acts as a cushioning pad, allowing bones to move freely and without friction. It also absorbs the weight of the body above the knee while standing. A large tendon known as the patellar tendon is located below the knee cap. This tendon attaches to the front of the tibia bone. The quadriceps, hamstring and thigh muscles around the knee relax and contract to allow for knee movement.

Inflammation

Arthritis in the knee is caused by inflammation or wear and tear of the soft tissues around the knee or degeneration of the meniscus. The meniscus becomes weaker with age and is unable to repair itself after daily wear and tear. It may then start tearing or flaking. The cartilage becomes degenerated and the shin bone, thigh bone, and thigh bone are exposed. This can lead to friction that may cause osteophytes or bony outgrowths. This causes pain in the knee. Rheumatic arthritis can also cause pain in the knee joints.

Crystallization of uric acids within the joint cavity is another cause of knee pain. This happens in cases of gout. A cyst behind the knee may form from fluid accumulation due to arthritis. Baker’s cyst is one reason for pain behind the knee. Common symptoms of arthritis in the knee include swelling, warmth, stiffness, redness around the joints, locking sensation in them, crunching sound when you move your knees, and inflexibility.

Try anti-inflammatory herbal supplements and anti-inflammatory oils are specially formulated to relieve pain and inflammation related to knee pain.