Bitter nightshade can be described as a bush with a prostrate or climbing stem that is up to 1.5 meters in length. The stem is branched. The violet blossoms are arranged in curlicues. They can be viewed from May to September. The fruit is a red, juicy berry that looks like an egg. It is a rich source of many seeds. You can find bitter nightshade in damp areas near lakes, ditch slopes, swamp forests, brushwood, and along riverside. The leaves and new growths of the herb should be collected. Handpick the leaves before or during the florescence. To get new sprouts, cut the tops up to 30 cm long during the florescence. This should be done in September. Because the herb is poisonous, it is important to be careful when handling it and during storage.
- Bitter nightshade leaf and new sprouts contain the glycoalkaloid solanine and steroid saponins as well as tannins, carotene and organic acid.
- This herb has anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic and secretolytic properties. It is also diuretic, expectorant, diuretic, astringent, and anti-allergic properties. It can also be used to calm down, treat a cough, improve your skin’s health, and normalize your metabolism.
- This herb is used in folk medicine, homeopathy, and medicine. The leaves and sprouts can be used in a decoction or powder to treat asthma, inflammation of the urinary bladder, whooping cough, and other conditions such as whooping cough. These remedies can also be used to treat joint pain due to gout and rheumatism. The herb has been used internally throughout history to treat skin conditions such as eczema and nettle-rash, inflammation, and itching. Infusing half a cup of the herb in half a liter boiling water is enough to make the decoction. Allow the tincture to steep for at least an hour before transferring it to a jar. Consume a tablespoon of the decoction three times a day before you eat. The procedure should be continued for 10 days. After 7-10 days, you can resume the procedure. The powder made from leaves or tops should be taken 0.1 grams three times per day. The treatment should last for one week.
- Externally, the herb can also be used. To treat dermatosis, you can use the paste to make a pestle from fresh fruits or leaves.
- Bitter nightshade remedies should be used with care. You must follow the instructions and adhere to the treatment duration. Poisoning could result from overdose. The symptoms of poisoning from the plant include irritation, vomiting, and stiffening of the tongue.
Garden angelica is a biennial that has a vertical rootstock of up to 6 cm. The rootstock is branched, and contains white or yellowish-colored milk. The milk is also found in roots. The hollow stem grows to 2.5-3 meters in height and is branched at its top. The stem’s lower portion is reddish and lightly wrinkled. However, the upper part is violet. The length of the leaves can reach 80 cm. The tiny blossoms are small and greenish to green white. They are arranged in compound clusters that resemble half of a ball. The herb blooms between June and August. The fruits measure approximately 8 millimeters in length. The herb has a pleasant aroma. The plant can be found in moist meadows, riversides, brushwood, and other areas with humus rich soil.
The herb should not be confused with wild angelica. Wild angelica has dark-green leaves. Its flowers are either white or rosy. The stem’s upper portion is wrinkled. The root is woody and has a weak, unpleasant smell. Garden angelica can also be grown. The rootstock and roots should be collected. Some countries also use fruits and leaves for medicinal purposes. Rootstock and roots should be taken in autumn of the first year (September and October) and early spring of second year. It is important to carefully remove the rootstock and roots. They should not be damaged. Take out any soil and dispose of the rest. Under running cold water, wash the rootstock and roots.
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Reduce the rootstock’s thicker parts and dry them by air drying. They can also be dried in a drying chamber at 37 to 40 degrees Celsius. The leaves should be taken before or at the beginning stages of florescence. To retain active substances, spread them in a single layer. You should collect fruits when they are fully ripe. Otherwise, they will turn grey brown. Take the fruits apart and dry them in the air.
- Essential oil and furanocoumarins are found in all parts of the herb. Essential oil can be found in roots and rootstock (up to 1.5%), while leaves can contain up to 0.48% essential oil, while fruits can contain up to 1%. Flavonoids are also found in leaves, while oil is found in fruits.
- It has expectorant, diuretic, antispasmodic and perspiratory properties. It has been shown to increase appetite and improve digestion.
- The herb can be used to treat diseases of the airways and lung disease. They can also be used to treat rheumatism and other conditions such as strain, bruise, gout, strains, digestive disorders, spasms or hysterics.