What can I Eat when I have Gout?
Gout is a form of arthritis that is characterized by a problem in the metabolism of uric acid elimination. Gout attacks are periodic episodes where the immune system attacks the uric acid accumulations in the joints. The joints most often affected are those of the toes, ankles and knees.
The development of gout is multifactorial. Genetics, excess weight, certain medications (e.g. diuretics), decreased kidney function and poor lifestyle habits are all factors that can encourage the development of this disease.
Gout is often associated with other related diseases (comorbidities) such as diabetes, obesity, dyslipidemia, hypertension and hypertriglyceridemia. Therefore, nutritional management of gout must include management of these other diseases.
Centuries ago, gout was known as the disease of kings. No wonder, because few were able to enjoy feasts and banquets full of foods rich in fats and purines as they did. And diet has a huge influence on the elevation of uric acid levels, which is what causes gout attacks.
Eat foods that are low in purines. For example:
- Dairy products
- Vegetables: carrots, lettuce, leeks, zucchini,…
- Fruits: lemon, orange, cherry, grapefruit, pineapples, strawberries….
- Cereals: wheat, rice, oats,…
- Starches: potatoes, tapioca.,…
Pulses (beans, soybeans, chickpeas, peas, …) can also be eaten, but with moderation, because they have an intermediate purine content.