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What is difference between arthritis and rheumatism?

The terms arthritis and rheumatism refer to more than a hundred conditions, of different natures and causes, characterised by pain in the joints. Rheumatism vs arthritis?

Rheumatism is a group of diseases that are mainly characterised by painful swelling of joints. Rheumatism is a generic term for all joint disorders. It refers to all the diseases responsible for pain or inflammation affecting the joints or structures located near them, such as tendons, ligaments, cartilage or the intervertebral disc. Rheumatism therefore refers to all diseases of the locomotor system. It can be osteoarthritis, arthritis, arthrose, osteoporosis or autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis.

The concept of rheumatism does not exist in medical books, so it is not considered a pathology: rheumatism refers to the set of ailments or complaints related to the locomotor system,

Arthritis is an inflammatory of the membrane surrounding a joint. It can be infectious, autoimmune (caused by the immune system attacking its own cartilage cells) or metabolic in origin. There are several types: gout, ankylosing spondylitis, rheumatoid arthritis, etc.

There are more than a hundred different diseases of the musculoskeletal system. Rheumatology is the medical speciality that deals with diseases of the musculoskeletal system and systemic autoimmune diseases, and the doctor who specialises in these diseases is the rheumatologist.


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